The codebook for the larger research ended up being based considerably in the factors manufactured by Kunkel

The codebook for the larger research ended up being based considerably in the factors manufactured by Kunkel

Not all the product that has been taped was coded. As our focus ended up ebony chaturbate videos being on scripted development, we excluded news that is daily, game shows, sports programs and occasions, and paid programming, along with all types of commercials as well as other promotions ( ag e.g., teasers for system shows). Although music videos had been taped, these people were coded and analyzed individually for their unique faculties and are maybe not reported right right here. The analyses provided in this paper, nevertheless, do are the video that is nonmusic from cable music activity channels including talk programs, variety/comedy shows, and truth programs. In addition, demonstrates were incomplete simply because they started before 3:00 p.m. or ended after 11:00 p.m. were not coded. Finally, episode repeats had been eradicated through the test.

The sample that is final the 2001 2002 period contained 1,276 unique system episodes, whereas the last test when it comes to 2002 2003 period included 1,439 unique system episodes. The sample when it comes to 2nd content analysis ended up being notably bigger than the very first 12 months’s test that we had three episodes of each nonsyndicated series as we made a concerted effort in year 2 to ensure. Despite strict adherence towards the sampling plan, extra taping ended up being needed whenever, for instance, brand brand brand new programs joined the fall lineup following the start of year to replace for cancelled programs or as soon as the time and time slot for a set had been changed.


The codebook for the bigger research ended up being based significantly on the factors produced by Kunkel and peers (1999, 2001, 2003) within their content analyses conducted when it comes to Kaiser Family Foundation. We created extra products, including those on same intercourse behavior that is intimate sexual talk associated with nonheterosexuals. Contrary to Kunkel and peers, whom utilized the scene while the primary product of analysis, our content analyses involved coding for intimate content in 2 minute periods of system time. Because scenes differ dramatically in total and, therefore, don’t offer a continuing device of measure to make evaluations across programs, we utilized a coding that is standard predicated on time. Coding news development in designated time periods has been used often by other scientists conducting content analyses across different system genres including films, detergent operas, and music videos (Hazan, Lipton, & Glantz, 1994; Lowery, 1980; Roberts, Christenson, Henriksen, & Bandy, 2002; Roberts, Henriksen, & Christenson, 1999; Sommers Flanagan, Sommers Flanagan, & Davis, 1993; Stockwell & Glantz, 1997; Terre, Drabman, & Speer, 1991).

For purposes with this content analysis, intercourse had been thought as any depiction of intercourse, intimately suggestive behavior, or any speak about sex or activity that is sexual. To be conservative and prevent overcoding sexual content, communications about intercourse were differentiated from nonsexual communications associated with love and relationships, that have been maybe perhaps not coded. As an example, a declaration such as “Everyone loves my boyfriend” wouldn’t be coded whereas a declaration such as “I made want to my boyfriend” will be coded.

Exact exact exact Same sex behavior that is sexual

Every 2 moment period that were coded as containing a minumum of one variety of sexual intercourse monitored in the primary coding task flirting, kissing, intimate touching, sexual intercourse implied, sexual activity depicted, along with other intimate behavior 2 was also examined when it comes to existence of exact exact same sex behavior that is sexual. With this product, programmers utilized a yes/no response format to point whether some of the sexual behavior depicted when you look at the interval took place between a couple regarding the exact same intercourse.

Speak about nonheterosexual issues that are sexual

Each 2 interval that is minute was indeed coded as containing a minumum of one example of talk through the intimate talk categories found in the key coding task ( e.g., remarks about own/others‘ intimate actions or passions, explore sexual activity who has currently occurred, speak about sex crimes) has also been coded for whether some of the intimate talk regarding nonheterosexuals. Because of this item, programmers once once again utilized a yes/no response format to point whether some of the talk that is sexual the intimate passions or issues of nonheterosexual individuals. Usually, such commentary linked to gays and lesbians, although periodically these were related to bisexuals.

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